The super-saturation of gamma radiation in the heart of each quasar results in the formation (from this colliding, spinning energy) of positive and negative charge-masses of ordained (by the laws of parity and symmetry) distribution, mass and spin: the protons and electrons that join one another to form hydrogen atoms. (Under “normal” conditions within our universe, such as those which exist in particle accelerators on Earth, such collisions always produce paired matter/antimatter particles. Not so within the black hole/quasar interuniversal mechanism: In goes matter, out comes antimatter... or vice versa.) These, driven by the point-counterpoint phenomenae of gravity and electromagnetic attraction, seek one another in vast hydrogen clouds that ultimately coalesce into those nodes of greatest density we call stars. Hydrogen fusion processes ignite as these nodes reach a density and pressure that produces the magic temperature of twenty million degrees Kelvin, and the countless stars of each galaxy are off and running....
Many of these stars possess enough mass to carry them through the six levels of fusion above that of hydrogen, producing (step by step) in their innards the elements of the periodic table, and releasing them (via novae and supernovae) into the galaxy to form second- and third-generation stars. These stars, in turn, possess the essential elements (in their primordial dust-clouds) for the formation of planets with carbon-based Life, inevitably, and the Wave propagates onward....
All of the ninety or so stable elements in the universe are merely the by-products of the nuclear fusion process of matter-formation and energy-release, the “basic metabolism” of the cosmos.... “star-shit”, so to speak.
The quasars eventually evolve from roundish, elliptical star- and dust-clouds into condensing, spinning, flattening spirals with enormous electromagnetic fields, (Seyfert-class galaxies), and the Life inside them evolves as well.... a beautiful, disorderly “fungus” on the star-shit.... moving, wave-form, around the mobius strip of time in keeping with its own unique nature and destiny: The Cosmos expressing awareness of Itself.
Over billions of years the galactic center becomes ever more saturated with matter-energy from the fading quasar, and the stars forming there become densely packed. Many stars evolve to the neutron-star stage (the process of fusion having run its full course), further gathering all matter in their paths and ultimately coalescing inward toward the ever-denser core region, to merge at last with the relentless, ravenous black hole that gradually forms at each galactic center.... following the quasar phase. Gravity is always the winner at last, ultimately confining and swallowing the entire galactic mass.
Bit by bit, as all galactic matter-energy spirals down the central-galactic black-hole-singularity “toilet bowl”, it effectively reaches infinite density, infinite mass, infinite gravitational curvature (or involuted direction) and therefore infinite time-passage as well.... in this universe. Relativity stops here.
As the matter-energy is crushed to impossible density in the black hole, it emerges on the other side of the “universal coin” at the beginning of time.... and the beginning of the second half of our mobius-strip circuit, around the “other side”, the ultimate destination of the “direction” of gravity. (Did you ever wonder where the commode led to when you were a kid? Wow.... is this all just an expression of “anal retention”?)
In a central-galactic, black hole-singularity, space-time itself turns “inside-out”, causing all accompanying matter-energy to follow suit by ultimately becoming its own antimatter, following the total conversion of the galactic mass into gamma-photons as the mirror-reversal process takes place: An exploding quasar of pure electromagnetic energy once again.... From the End of Time to a new Beginning, and representing the only form of gateway between them.... A dark “tunnel” with a strange, illogical “twist” on the inside. Light is its own anti-particle, and can exist on either side of the mobius-strip, in both the matter and antimatter halves of the cosmos.
To travel through three-dimensional space, one must travel through time as well (a phenomenon called “interpenetration”). One must also have velocity. When an object increases in velocity, it increases in relative mass as well. (Which is why a high-velocity rifle bullet with a rest-mass of only a few ounces can shatter a concrete block.) When we accelerate in a car, our increased mass is expressed in the opposite direction (inertia) as our increasing weight pressing against the seat with a sensation that is indistinguishable from gravity.
Relative mass and inertia are correlative terms: When an object increases in velocity (relative to its environment), its inertial force increases as well. It then occupies a different inertial frame of reference than its previous environment. Its mass also increases relative to that which existed in its previous inertial frame. Obviously, the word “relative” is key here, but this is not just simple semantics: From the relative point of view of the above-mentioned concrete block (which still exists in the original inertial frame), the inertia of the bullet has the same effect as a massive weight suddenly resting on the block, focused on an area no more than a half-inch across... The block shatters in either case.
So, inertia is directly proportionate to velocity, as is gravity, and is also manifested in the opposite direction. (For instance, Einstein’s “other” Principle of Equivalence concerning inertia and gravity, which states that for an object to escape from the surface of another object [such as the Earth], its “escape velocity” must exceed its “gravitational velocity” inward, imposed by the mass of the larger object.) From this we can see that inertia and gravity are ultimately the same phenomenon, and indeed, they are treated the same way in physics. Nothing is ever truly “still” in the universe. Everything is constantly moving in the dimension of gravity.
Admittedly, this is difficult to envision (like trying to pick up a ball of mercury with the fingertips), but General Relativity properly regards gravity as an inertial frame of reference in a direction (or dimension) not obvious to us.
When an object increases in velocity, mass and inertia, space-time is gravitationally warped in its vicinity.
So.... Here we have a curious “bootstrap” situation that can be summed up in this manner: Space, time and gravity are all dimensions of “movement”, each automatically increasing in rate or degree proportionately with the others in a five-dimensional continuum. If we are astronauts in a spacecraft accelerating toward the speed of light, our relative mass increases accordingly, and we move forward in time relative to the rest of the universe.... the “time-dilation” of Special Relativity Theory.
According to Special Relativity, any moving object possessing a velocity (relative to our frame of reference) that is an appreciable fraction of the speed of light undergoes this time-dilation. This results in the old “clock paradox”, wherein two clocks, identical in design, are set precisely together. One stays on Earth, and the other goes on board the spacecraft for a journey that involves enormous interstellar distance and relativistic velocity. Upon returning to Earth, it is found that the clock on board the spacecraft has progressed at a slower rate.... to a degree that is directly proportional to the maximum velocity reached by the spacecraft on its voyage. Likewise, the astronauts have aged less than their colleagues on Earth.
The reason for this is that the increased velocity of the craft toward light-speed gave it increased inertia (mass times velocity), hence, more relative mass, hence, more gravity (or space-time warpage). According to General Relativity, gravity slows down the passage of time within its immediate vicinity.... the more intense the gravitational warpage, the slower the subjective time-rate. Time is an irreversible companion of mass, inertia, velocity or gravity.
There is a big argument at the spaceport upon the return of the astronauts (who have aged six or so months to their colleagues’ twenty years) concerning who is correct. The observers on Earth insist that time slowed down on board the spacecraft during its journey.... The astronauts argue just as insistently that from their relative point of view, nothing at all changed during the trip. In fact, they might further insist (with equally convincing proof available to them) that the rest of the universe sped up! But majority rules, and physics has decided that time, for the astronauts, does indeed slow down. (One must ponder the confusion in the pay-scale: If the astronauts were wise, they would take twenty years’ pay and not argue too loudly about “time dilation”.)
We would offer a slight compromise in conceptualization.... to the effect that the inertial field of gravity (or space-time curvature) generated by the spacecraft’s velocity allowed time to “pass by” around it but not inside, having the paradoxical effect of slowing down the aging process within the craft from the relative point of view of observers on Earth, but in actuality serving to propel the craft into the future in a “differential cocoon” of gravity.... So, after a six-month voyage on-board ship, they return to find that they have actually traveled ahead twenty years by sliding forward on a faster, separate, inertial-gravitational “treadmill”.
The effect of gravity, then, can be viewed as a means of traveling ahead in time for a certain area within its immediate sphere of influence (its “event horizon”). Velocity corresponds to mass corresponds to gravity corresponds to relative time-passage.... all or none, the field being a unified one. All of these qualities interpenetrate, reducing down to different aspects of a total process if examined closely enough. To illustrate (Fig. 7)....
|We are looking down on a circular “game-board” in which there are five slots radiating outward from the center, like spokes in a wheel. Each slot contains a knob that will slide only outward along the slot, but is connected underneath the game-board to a subtle gear-system that causes all four other knobs to move outward at the same precise rate as the one we are pushing.
For instance, if we push the knob in slot 5 out to the edge, all the other knobs move outward a like amount. Such is the nature of the gear-system.
Let’s say that the five slots represent these factors: (1) three-dimensional space, (2) velocity, (3) relative time passage, (4) mass and (5) gravity.... all bound together inextricably in the Unified Field “gear-system”.
To travel through three-dimensional space, one must travel through time as well. One must also have velocity. Increasing an object’s velocity toward light-speed also increases the object’s relative mass and, hence, its inertia (or gravity). This, of course, moves the object “ahead” in time relative to the rest of the universe. Again, it’s all a higher-level “bootstrap” situation. You can’t increase any of these factors without increasing the rest proportionately, since they are all merely different aspects of the same total process if seen from a large enough perspective.
It is important to understand that when these upper limits have been reached, the end of time is reached as well. The galaxy has “dropped out” of this universe, pushed by its own increasing central-galactic mass (gravity increases with density by the inverse-square law) to the end of time on one side of the cycle.... which is the same as the beginning of time on the other.
A galaxy is a cross-section of an interfolding, five-dimensional “torus”, or doughnut-shaped energy-field, the spiral arms merely reflecting the vast and invisible field-lines of the galaxy’s enormous electromagnetic field (Fig. 8).
But do time and the universe precisely repeat themselves eternally? This, of course, is unknowable, but we feel that Eternal Spirit does not suffer boredom. We must remember that the world-line of each galaxy around the mobius strip is only a temporal path, an abstraction.... Galaxies are really evolving events of localized, spinning matter-energy, and behind each “point in time” on the strip there is room for an infinite number of points (wave after wave) separated by the smallest possible fraction of a second and never meeting, though they share the same world-line. And what if each line takes a slightly different path around the strip each full cycle? No two horse-races are identical, though the race-track remains the same. The possibilities grow truly infinite.
The Big Bang Theory postulates only a segment of Creation by anyone’s measuring stick. One can only go back as far as the original proposed mass-point, the super-dense aggregate of all the universal matter-energy that supposedly exploded some 15-20 billion years ago, resulting in the “expanding” universe. What of before?
If all the universal matter-energy were at one time concentrated in a singular mass-point, the outwardly expanding explosion would necessarily result in a decrease in density of the matter-energy as it fans outward.... the relative distance between galaxies becoming greater with distance from the initial point and time of creation. Such is not the case. If we gaze outward across the cosmos, we see far more galaxies than we could possibly count, arranging themselves electromagnetically and gravitationally into vast, churning clumps, sheets and filaments, with large empty spaces in between.... A cosmic version of Swiss cheese. But the average distance between far-off galaxies appears to be the same as that between the galaxies nearest to us in space-time: approximately 10-100 galactic widths apart!
An off-shoot of the Big Bang model called Inflation theory has been put forward to explain this paradox. According to Inflation, the universe instantly expanded to its present (or nearly it’s present) size immediately following the Big Bang....then the laws of physics took over. How convenient. This has the scientific profundity of the Book of Genesis: In the beginning, God created the Heavens and the Earth....then the laws of physics took over.
One of the most cogent (but nevertheless flawed) arguments for universal expansion is voiced by the late Stephen Hawking in his book, “A Brief History of Time”: If the universe were not expanding, it would have to be contracting due to the inward tendency of its own overall gravity. Hawking naively envisioned the universe as a simple, expanding four-dimensional sphere. So, what would keep this universal sphere from collapsing on itself if it were not expanding?
If the universe were truly a sphere, this would certainly occur. Those galaxies at the outer extremities would have nothing gravitationally attracting them outward, but everything attracting them inward. Hence, a collapsing universe would be occurring around us now. Looking outward, however, we see no such inward movement, no overall blue-shift of light to indicate that the galaxies in the nearby, “recent” universe are rushing toward us. In fact, there seems to be random overall movement, with various large clusters and filaments of galaxies drifting in various directions.... the “Great Texture.”
The universe, however, is not a conventional sphere with an inside and an outside. It is, rather, a “hypersphere” with an extra-dimensional curvature of its own.... above the four dimensions of space and time that we normally comprehend. Imagine, if you will, a mobius-strip condensed and somehow rendered into a sphere that constantly interfolds in cyclical fashion.... a spherical “yin-yang”. Here we encounter the limitations of the logical process, but this is, nevertheless, the elusive nature of our universal hypersphere (Fig. 9).
If one thinks only in terms of length, width and depth (the way we normally view our 3-D world around us), one can easily conjure an image of a conventional sphere.... a ball. But adding the fourth and fifth dimensions of time and gravity adds a higher curvature to the ball. It is as if the three-dimensional space of our former perspective were somehow compressed onto the “surface” of this higher dimensional curvature, this hypersphere (much the same as our mobius-strip metaphor, in which we, for analogical and illustrative purposes, compressed four-dimensional space-time onto the two-dimensional surface of the mobius-strip). Therefore, any movement outward from us in our physical universe, in whatever direction we choose, is merely movement around the surface of our “hyperball”.
We must resort to metaphor to grasp this sort of thing. Metaphor is simply “intuitive logic”.... a finger pointing at the Moon, in Zen-speak. The normal process of logic does not serve us here. Mathematical logic cannot grasp infinity.... Like the game of chess, it must have crisp, finite boundaries in which to function. Chess would be meaningless without the parameters imposed by the edges of the game-board and the restrictions placed on the movement of each piece. Metaphor makes use of a simplified analogy to point to, or imply, a higher truth that cannot be stated in normal, logical terms. The mind has to take a leap....
Imagine a race of creatures that inhabit only a flat, two-dimensional plane.... an intelligent lichen, or some such entity. Imagine further the difficulty of explaining the third dimension of “depth” to them. Such is our dilemma in grasping the higher curvature of gravity. As observers, we are embedded within the space-time curvature and therefore cannot easily detect its immediate presence, just as our astronauts traveling at relativistic velocities cannot immediately apprehend the phenomenon of time-dilation (a manifestation of space-time curvature). By their own reckoning, the flow of time does not change, and only upon returning to Earth and comparing their aging process (and their clock) with that of their colleagues on Earth does the curvature become apparent. Likewise, the flow of a river is not apparent to one floating down it in a fog, until the fog lifts and one notices the banks passing by. Things disappear around the bend of the river just like they disappear around the curvature of the universe, of space/time/gravity. The cosmological red-shift we observe as we gaze across the unapparent curvature of space-time is simply “looking at the banks.”
To repeat a previous paragraph, dimensionality is a hierarchically nestled total, like the Chinese box puzzle with its box within a box within a box.... The first dimension allows only linearity, a point stretching into a line. The second dimension allows the plane, creating a higher reality that contains, but is greater than, the line. The third dimension allows the solid, a volume that contains, but is greater than, the line and the plane. The fourth dimension of time likewise contains, but is greater than, length, width and depth: As one walks across a room, one progresses through time as well, as a higher dimension of movement. All of these are hierarchically contained within the fifth and greatest, all-inclusive dimension of gravitational curvature.
If we can accept this higher perspective of the cosmos, then all galaxies are being “pulled” equally from all directions simultaneously. There is no gravitational bias either inwardly or outwardly in our universe (except in the immediate vicinity of massive bodies), since “inward” and “outward” are both just directions around the surface of our weirdly curved hypersphere. If the hyperspherical, directional curvature of universal gravity (Mach’s Principle, again) is the same in all directions around us, a stasis is reached.... no universal collapse is possible.
The cosmological red-shift is simply a product of the curvature of the universal hypersphere.... the higher dimensions of gravity and time.
It is not difficult to see why the Big Bang model has assumed such a fundamental place in twenty-first century cosmology, particularly since the phenomenon of the Doppler recessional red-shift does indeed exist for all objects truly receding from us in space. To transfer this explanation to the entirety of the red-shifting distant cosmos seems to make perfect sense. This sort of conceptual error has ample historical precedent: Looking up, it makes perfect sense that the Sun circles around the Earth. After all, one can see it rise in the east, pass overhead and sink in the west, after which our logical processes quite sensibly tell us that it passes beneath the Earth and eventually rises again each morning to begin another circuit. Such was the obvious Ptolemaic view as defended by the Church of Rome for well over a thousand years.
Then along came Nicholas Copernicus with his smart-assed, contradictory and quite heretical view of solar geometry, having the audacity to imply that the Earth and other planetary bodies circled the Sun, that things weren’t exactly as they seemed. And our perspective on things “out there” hasn’t been the same since....
Such is the dilemma of the “priesthood” of cosmology today.... Many careers (and hence, egos) are tied up in the perpetuation of the Big Bang model, causing many of its proponents to play fast and loose with the available data in order to avoid conceptual change. This type of hedging is totally at variance with the objective methodology of Science, which should be open to conceptual change if proven to be necessary. Remember Einstein’s “cosmological constant”?
In the Cosmic Commode model there is no need for “dark matter”, “inflation”, “superstrings” or any of the various other conjectural conveniences periodically tagged onto Big Bang cosmology to disguise its many inconvenient paradoxes. Also resolved is the riddle of the missing “antimatter”: Physics has long held to the concept of “parity”.... that half of the mass of the universe should be composed of antimatter and the rest, of matter. Thus far, however, no antimatter has been found (except for matter-antimatter paired particles briefly produced by collisions in particle accelerators and by “cosmic ray” collisions with particles in the upper atmosphere), nor has its absence been satisfactorily explained. With the Cosmic Commode model, parity is preserved.... The antimatter, one-half the total mass of the universe, resides on the “other side” of space-time. The “inside-out”, black hole-quasar mechanism assures that matter must occupy one side....antimatter, the other.
Certain interpretations of the COBE (COsmic Background Explorer) satellite data have been claimed as a confirmation of the Big Bang model, since they show tiny fluctuations in the cosmic background micro-wave radiation reaching us from the edge of the visible universe. These anomalies are purported to show that the Big Bang explosion contained variations in density that resulted in the clumpy texture of the universe today. But this does not necessarily support or validate Big Bang Theory, and is rather like making the assumption that since a chimpanzee has been observed walking upright, it is therefore as intelligent as a human. It is a monumental non sequitur.
The COBE data with its micro-wave fluctuations is simply showing the galactic “clustering” texture of the universe manifested into the infinite distance, its patchy light gradually being red-shifted down to the micro-wave bands of the spectrum until no further detection is possible.
There is, of course, a limit here as well. We can see only so far around the curve of the macro-cosmos, just as we can see only so far into the quantum world of the micro-cosmos, the level of being at which pure electromagnetic energy, or light (the ultimate, most fundamental expression of Consciousness), is bound up in minute structures (or “fields”) we interpret as “particles”.... waves in the Ocean of Energy composing the “solid” matter of the world around us.
There are a maximum of seven potential electron shell-levels around each harmoniously humming atom (the fusion equivalent of “do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti”).... Until we get above iron on the periodic table. Many of the heavier elements have a total of eight orbital shell-levels, but they are unstable.... “disharmonious”, produced in the final moments of supernovae and having far more neutrons than protons and, hence, a “forced” outer shell-level to compensate. They tend to break down given enough time. This process is called “beta-decay” and is responsible for what is called the “weak force” of Nature.... Actually a subtle balancing act on the part of Nature to stabilize all matter-energy into a musically harmonious, seven-layered state, with closer ratios of neutrons and protons in the nucleus. The “weak force” is brought about by the unstably massive nature of the heavier, 8-layered atoms, as the extra neutrons break down and throw off energy to achieve an impossible harmonic balance.... “Impossible” because the counter-entropic, steam-roller, crushing effect of gravitational curvature continues to produce heavier elements (inside stars) that provide the “imbalance” that results in more gravitational curvature and the “toppling forward” of the whole process in space-time.... the ever-propagating Wave of Being.
But is any of it truly solid?
I lean forward and rap on the fossil-festooned rock beneath our feet, “bang, bang”.... Show me one “solid” thing in this rock slab. In fact, show me one truly solid thing anywhere in the universe. All about us, no matter where we look, what we look at or how closely we look at it, all we find are patterns of energy that our senses invest with the illusion of solidity. Reality is truly simple.... It's just that our minds take on some rather complex assumptions to prop up this illusion of solidity before us, this dualistic, matter-energy “stage-setting” we commonly perceive as “reality”. The nature of Life (the Dream of Eternal Spirit) requires that we weave webs of complexity and apparent separateness to make it all seem “real”. To wake up from the Dream is to perceive directly the elegant simplicity of Oneness.... and our own true Identity.
As animate awareness moves (via light) from place to place in the cosmos, it inevitably becomes subject to the confining nature of relativistic processes. The “Eternal Present” (what we regard as “here and now”) embraces the entire universe simultaneously. Only our limited means of perception (be-shackled by the speed of light) prevent us from experiencing the whole of it. This simultaneous Wholeness, then, becomes fragmented into apparently separate matter-energy “events”, and Consciousness simultaneously (and playfully) follows suit. Not only are events of physical phenomenae subject to this relativistic separation, but Consciousness itself fragments into an infinitude of “consciousness-events”, or ego-manifesting “identities”. All these identities, without exception, initially regard themselves as “real”, self-separate and alone. It’s the nature of the Great Game: an infinitude of egos, lost in a universe of fragmentation, seeking a return to Oneness. As the late, great astronomer Carl Sagan once suggested: "Life is merely the universe realizing itself." Such is the primal cause of human spirituality, and such is the nature of cosmological speculation in general. To gaze across the cosmos is to “see through a glass, darkly”. Penetration of this mystery calls upon both the process of mathematical deduction and the process of intuitive imagination.
The physical, involuting, matter-energy universe is but the “texture” of Consciousness.... Eternal Spirit playing with Itself.... God as merry-go-round.
This is a great time to be alive, to be at the crest of the Wave, to be part of the moving Self-awareness of the cosmos: a teleological journey, the unfolding of which is its own purpose.
A salute to the fossil beds, the Earthen memories beneath our feet....
And a message rises up from them, felt in our hearts and resonating, wave-form, across the aeons:
WE ARE TIMELESS CONSCIOUSNESS
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